FAST FORWARD 2007
Each theory of quantum physics, from the Standard Model to the most exotic, has it's own presumptions, postulates, hypotheses and predictions. Experiments confirm or suggest otherwise and theories are corrected or dropped accordingly. String Theory and M-Theory (Branes) are among the most problematical in this regard, since many of these presumptions have no experimental basis, though demonstrating some elegant mathematical models, which may or may not relate to Reality in this universe.
Particle physics is the science that discloses the deepest nature of matter, using particle accelerators and other means to peer deeply into atomic and subatomic reactions. Among the most sought entities are the gravity wave and the nature of the cosmological constant.
But there is still much to learn about the interior of the atom and the specifics of self-assembly. We have much more to learn about subquantal processes and how bosons and fermions cleave together as atoms and molecules of the elements.There are many well-qualified scientists who question long-established physics theories even when paradigms are not in crisis. Challenging scientific orthodoxy is difficult because most scientists are educated and work within current paradigms and have little career incentive to examine unconventional ideas.
The Problem In a Nutshell:
For many years String theory has been an allegedly viable adjustment to the Standard Model of particle physics—a quantum field theory that cosmologists hope will unite all the fundamental forces of nature (weak, strong, electromagnetic, and gravitational). In other words, explain how the universe works. But its emotional appeal to the public has outstripped its scientific promise. Everyone likes to imagine the old metaphor of The Music of the Spheres, peacefully "vibrating" away. It plays off the old buzzwords of metaphysics and New Age desires. Still, the problem remains that the Standard Model does not explain the gravitational force. Recently, String theory and M-Theoryy (Branes), without any experimental conclusions to back them up, have been challenged by other theories such as Loop Quantum Gravity.which likewise still needs to demonstrate experimental predictions.
Part of the Solution:Compact Muon Solenoid (CMS)
Over the last fifteen years about 2,300 engineers and scientists from over 150 scientific institutions in 37 countries around the world have worked together to design and build a gigantic general-purpose particle detector, what is called the Compact Muon Solenoid (CMS). In 2007, they will perform the largest physics experiment ever conducted on Earth.
At this extremely large energy level, the scientists will study collisions of protons at a center-of-mass energy of 14 TeV. They are hoping to be able to answer some of nature’s most fundamental questions. Specifically, some of the goals of these scientists are to discover previously unknown particles (such as the Higgs boson), find evidence of supersymmetry, study properties of top quarks, identify mini-black holes, investigate substructures of leptons and quarks, and explain other universal mysteries such as the origin of mass, the number of dimensions, and characteristics of dark matter (a major part of the universe still unexplored). If such things can be realized, it may dramatically help scientists further explain a unified theory of all physical phenomena, what is sometimes called The Theory of Everything.
CDT Tetrahedral Model of Cosmos
The Triangular Universe; February 2007; Scientific American Magazine; by Mark Alpert; 1 Page(s)
Imagine a landscape composed of microscopic triangular structures that constantly rearrange themselves into new patterns. Seen from afar, the landscape looks perfectly smooth, but up close it is a churning cauldron of strange geometries. This deceptively simple model is at the heart of a new theory called causal dynamical triangulation (CDT), which has emerged as a promising approach to solving the most vexing problem in physics--unifying the laws of gravity with those of quantum mechanics.
For more than 20 years, the leading contender in the quest for unification has been string theory, which posits that the fundamental particles and forces are actually minuscule strings of energy. But some scientists say this theory is misguided because it sets the strings against a fixed background; a better model, they argue, would generate not only particles and forces but also the spacetime they inhabit. In the 1980s and 1990s these researchers developed loop quantum gravity, which describes space as a network of tiny volumes only 10-33 centimeter across. Although this approach has achieved some notable successes, such as predicting the properties of black holes, it has yet to pass an essential test: showing that the jumble of volumes always comes together to form the familiar four-dimensional spacetime of our everyday world.
The researchers added up all the possible spacetimes to see if something like a large-scale four-dimensional spacetime would emerge from the sum. That was not guaranteed, even though the tiny bits of spacetime were four-dimensional. On larger scales the spacetime could curve in ways that would effectively change its dimension, just as a two-dimensional sheet of paper can be wadded into a three-dimensional ball or rolled into a nearly one-dimensional tube. This time the researchers found that they could achieve something that appeared to have one time dimension and three space dimensions--like the universe we know and love.
"It's exceedingly important" work, says Lee Smolin of the Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics in Waterloo, Canada. "Now at least we know one way to do this." Des Johnston of Heriot-Watt University in Edinburgh, Scotland, agrees the work is "very exciting" and says it underlines the importance of causality. "The other neat thing about this work is that you're essentially reducing general relativity to a counting problem," Johnston says. "It's a very minimalist approach to looking at gravity."
A particle of evidence for proton shape other than perfect sphere:
proponents of the new, "beats all" QM are really pushing a
disguised, misapplied uncertainty principle to attatch meaning to
wiggles of tiny particles that can be made to APPEAR as a challenge to
the second law of thermodynamics.
.......but theres an out; thers 2 actually.
1- if two resonators of any kind are far apart, entropy can be
preferentially loaded into one
2- the fluctuations could be used to catalyze transmutation of the
smallest nuclei, lowering the energy barrier for fusion by a sort of
what 1 and 2 have in common is a MECHANICAL linkage between cause and
effect which points to phonons or mechanical "vibrations" as the most
sonoluminescence and sonofusion and cold fusion, and hyperefficient
electrolysis of water ,viewed in this light, suddenly make compelling
sense but ONLY if careful attention is paid to the resonance
characteristics of the container in which the reaction is produced, vis
the video of sono-levitation; the chamber is the key participant,; you
couldnt get this effect in the open
the secondary phonon effects of electricity, em radiation are routinely
regarded as em effects because its convenient. that isnt good enough
anymore. a distinction has to be made in order to avoid being burdened
with derated half functional and overexpensive products of all kinds.;
cars, computers, you-name-it
combining all that with MASRELIEZ and and the scale expansion idea,
would expect another type of energy /radiation which manifests by a
sharp pulse preceded by a slower build-up self cohering phase.
very easy experiment.
two identical alarm bells, put one in plexiglass chamber and turn it
on and pump out the air and the twin, which is placed distant, will
resonating-or will it?
with todays supersensitive measurement tools, a dc current might be
measured in the huge inductance of the distant driver coil.